Homelessness

Public homelessness is a category of homeless people without roof over their heads – people who reside on the street. Hidden homelessness is category of people without home, sheltered in institutionally or otherwise supported housing.

Interview

The introductory questions applicable to all profiles of homeless people (roofless people, homeless people, insecure and inappropriate housing,) are the same – name, surname (nick name), gender, age, nationality, citizenship, personal documents, education.

The questions below are related to the current state of the person.

 

1.1 People living out in the open/ approximate place of stay, place of improvised housing, alone or collective / how long does the person live on the street / reasons for the situation which the person is in / vision for the future

3.2. People accommodated in reception points for temporary accommodation of homeless persons/ time of stay in the reception center/ whether resides alone or with a family, activities of the person in the reception center / reasons for the situation which the person is in / vision for the future

4.1. Women accommodated in reception centers or in shelter centers / previous support/ the most burning issue for the person / reasons for the situation the person is in / vision for the future

5.1 People accommodated in emigrant reception centers / the background of the person, whether the person is in the country alone or with a family, reasons for leaving the home country, conditions of stay in Macedonia / vision for the future.

6.1. People with current stay in a penitentiary or correctional institutions, without a secured home prior to leaving the institutions / reasons for the prison sentence, the life of the person prior to incarceration / vision for the future after leaving the institution

6.2. Homeless people with current (prolonged) stay in healthcare institutions/ time of stay, previous stay in an institution, type of health issues, reasons for the situation in which the persons is in / conditions for return to the own environment, vision for the future.

6.3. People housed in children’s institutions / homes, who have faced the problem of homelessness after leaving the institution / how long is the person without a home / reasons due to which the person has lost the home / problems, vision for the future

8.1. People temporarily housed with relatives and close friends / how long the person stays in the home of relatives / friends, where did the person live previously / relatives/ reasons for the situation /vision for the future

8.2. People – tenants without a rental agreement / how long does the person live in the place without lease/ sublease documents / what does the person live in / problems / reasons for the situation / vision for the future

8.3. People who built a home on usurped land / how long has the person lived there / why did the person decide to build a home there / has the person submitted a request for legalization/ reasons for the situation / vision for the future

9.1. People who live in a rented residence under a threat of eviction / what are the reasons for the eviction / how and where did the person live previously / reasons for the situation / vision for the future

9.2 People threatened with repossession of ownership by the owner due to unsettled mortgage/ why has the home been mortgaged / vision for the future

10.1. People living under the threat of violence, and the police acts with the aim of ensuring safe housing of the domestic violence victim / how many times has the person reported domestic violence and where/ what has the police done to protect the person / reasons for the situation / vision for the future

11.2 People living in unconventional facilities (shelters, substandard cabins) /how long has the person lived in substandard conditions (description of the conditions) / reasons for the situation /vision for the future

11.3. People living in temporary structures (tents, shacks) / how long has the person lived in substandard conditions (description of the conditions) / reasons for the situation / vision for the future

 

The subsequent questions refer to issues which refer to health insurance, medical checks (regular), diseases, contact with the environment, monthly income, experience with previous housing in social welfare institutions, as well as the person’s vision for the future.

The interviewer will need to assess the psychophysical status of the person (physical appearance, hygiene, nonverbal communication, linguistic communication, readiness for cooperation).